What is malware? Viruses, Trojans, Worms | How to live?
Malware, viruses, Trojans, worms, etc., the names of all Internet and computer users must have heard. Now, what is all this stuff? How can these harm your system? And how can you avoid these? I am going to write today’s post on all these issues. Friends, as much as you know, have heard, seen about malware to date, my request is to put it all on one side. And let’s get to know everything in a fresh way.
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The full name of malware is Malicious Software. Which means it’s about to be the most delusional time of the year, as well. Now let’s talk about where this malware can enter your system from. See the most common source of your computer being infected today is the Internet. If you are on a malicious website on the Internet, if you download a pirated movie, if you download pirated software and games, if you click on a malicious ad on a malicious website, or if you receive a malicious email, your computer is infected with malware. Maybe. Your computer may be infected offline as well as online. If you connect a CD, DVD, or pen drive from an unknown source to your computer, your computer may be infected.
Now let’s talk about the types of malware. It is mainly found in 3 types. Such as viruses, Trojans, and worms. These 3 guys are always ready to damage your computer in different ways. Let’s discuss these virtual monsters in detail.
Let’s talk about viruses first. What a virus does, it can enter your system and make some fragmented and certain files useless. Suppose you have a Word document, now if it is infected with a virus, I can no longer open that document. Or the file may be completely corrupted or converted to junk. It is also possible that the virus may render your entire word processing software useless. In this case, if you copy a file or share it with someone, the virus-infected file can enter another computer and make that computer useless.
Let’s talk about another category of malware worms. What worms do, it usually tries to multiply itself. This means that if your computer is infected with worms, it will create many similar files on your computer and slow down your system. And if you copy something from your computer to another computer, it will infect that computer as well. And in the same way thousands of the same files will slow down your system by repeatedly creating folders with the same name.
Now let’s talk about another category of malware, Trojan. Trojan is a kind of malware. Because it can enter your computer in disguise. You may think that this is real software but Trojans enter your computer and harm your system. For example, there are many memory cleaners, which when clicked on, it seems that your memory has been cleaned. But in fact, the memory is jammed. Trojans can also be seen in various antivirus, speed booster. You will feel that your memory will be clean or the speed of the computer will be boosted. But once this thing enters your computer it will show up in its original form, and your system will start to slow down. And not only will it slow down the speed of your computer, but it will also pave the way for various viruses, worms, and malware to enter your computer.
Ways to avoid malware
So you know that there are 3 main types of malware. There is another thing called spyware. But I will not discuss it here. In another post I will tell you what it is, how it hurts and how to avoid it. We will now learn ways to avoid malware.
The first way is to use all your imagination and caution. You use your common sense. Try to make sure that the websites you visit on the internet are trustworthy sites. A popular, large, and trusted site is not usually malicious. Refrain from accessing any website by clicking on the link. If you come across an ad while visiting a website, never click on an ad like “Win iPhone, click here” or “Remove all viruses from your computer”. Moreover, if you receive an e-mail that says, “You have won the lottery of so many crores of rupees” or “Take the latest offer for yourself, such antivirus is free for 1 year”, then never open the e-mail. Or never download the file that came with the mail. So you can protect your computer from being infected by paying special attention to all these things online.
Also I would say use a good antivirus and also internet security. However, keep in mind that this antivirus software is a paid version as well as a licensed version. If you use free antivirus or pirated antivirus, listen to me, it will not benefit you in the slightest. On the contrary, you can become infected with Trojans. So I think you need to have a paid version of antivirus or antimalware from any company.
Moreover, if you do not use any type of pirated content, it creates a higher level of protection for you. Although pirated movies or software do not always contain viruses, they can sometimes be present. Also, before inserting any CDs, DVDs, or pen drives into your computer, consider whether these have come to you from a trusted source. Because many times a copy paste of 10 minutes can be responsible for corrupting your whole computer. In this case, it is much better if you have a paid version of antivirus. If not, think carefully before inserting any type of CD, DVD, or pen drive. Even if these virtual evils enter your computer by mistake, you can suffer a lot.
I’m already infected with malware, what do I do?
If your computer is already infected with various viruses, you can get your computer free of malware with a good antivirus or antimalware. Many times many antivirus and antimalware software can not clean your PC. In this case, you can completely erase your computer’s hard drive and avoid this attack. In addition to these, using a firewall is also a very important issue. You can read this post written by me to know more about Fire-Wall. So you can use a good firewall to increase your internet security. If you use an antivirus with internet security, you will also find a strong firewall there, you can use it. And with the help of this, all the unwanted things that could have come to you online will no longer come. And this way you can make your computer more secure.
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