DNA data storage-The future of the Internet
Friends, if I were to tell you that all the data in the Internet world, be it photos, videos, music, data from large data centers or data from small data servers, could be stored in a single water glass space, Do you believe me? Believe it or not but this is the truth. I’m not kidding you at all. Today I am going to tell you about DNA data storage. Yes, DNA data storage. So let’s start wondering!
Although there is no specific account of how much data has been stored on the Internet so far, approximately 15 zettabytes of data are stored throughout the Internet. Now look at how much is equal to 15 zettabytes in brackets, you can see how many zeros! (15 zetabytes= 15,000,000,000,000 gigabytes). This data is stored in large data centers, on large servers, on small servers, and on your and my computer. And all this information together makes up the whole internet. But how do we store so much data? We store this huge amount of data in a simple way. For example, we save all the data on magnetic tape, hard drive, solid-state drive, flash storage, etc. But current research suggests that DNA is something that can store digital data. As you know, if a scientist finds fossils of an old animal, he can tell from his DNA whether the animal was small or large, what the animal ate, how many years it lived, and so on. Because all this information is stored in DNA and even after billions of years this information is not lost and even today it is possible to recover information from that thousand-year-old DNA.
So based on this idea, many experts have tried, is it possible to store digital data in DNA in this way? And if data can be stored, how much data can be stored, and how? And can that data be recovered? Etc. etc. And there has been a lot of research on this topic over the last few years. In 2012, some students at Harvard University conducted research on this topic and they stored data inside DNA to show that the existence of DNA data storage is really possible. A few days ago, a few weeks ago, a research team stored data inside DNA and managed to recover it. And they fully prove that DNA can be used as data storage. Because they do both store and recover. See the photo below. They stored these photos in DNA and were able to successfully recover from DNA.
According to researchers, it is possible to store 1 exabyte of information in a 1 mm cube of DNA. This means 1 millimeter cube of DNA = 10,000,000,000 gigabytes of storage. So, friends, you can think of? It is possible to store 1 zettabyte of data in 1 cm cube DNA. And since the entire internet is 15 zettabytes, it is possible to capture the entire internet in 15 cm cube DNA. This means that all the internet will be stored in the same place as a glass of water.
How does DNA data storage work?
Now let’s find out how this activity is completed. Friends, there are four different nucleotide in DNA. They are adenine, thymine, guanine and cytosine. We know that digital data is in the form of one and zero between bits. And the DNA data is in the form of ATCG. Now if we can encode these Zero and One as ATCG, we can easily store digital data in DNA. Suppose A means 0, T means 1, thus C, G are encoded with different Halfman code values. And all the data are brought to the nucleotide pattern ATCG of DNA.
A new DNA is then created using this ATCG pattern, where the data is encoded. The data is then decoded while recovering and brought back to Digital One and Zero. And that’s how data is recovered. This process is very complicated and costly. There are many steps to take to load and recover data. But this is not impossible. Researchers have assured that by 2025, we will be able to use DNA as DNA data storage.
There are many benefits to storing data in DNA. Because it does not require electricity to store data. Moreover, stored data can be stored for thousands of years. Hard drives are not as likely to fail or lose data. And think about how much data you can store in the same space as a match box. Because if you want to store the amount of data that a 1 millimeter cube of DNA can store with a normal hard drive, you may have to fill your entire room with a hard drive.
There are also two drawbacks to DNA data storage at the moment. One is that the process of recovering data from DNA is still very slow. But a lot of work is being done on this issue as well. Researchers are continuing their research to access random data from this. And the second problem is its price. So there is no reason to worry about these two issues. Because as this technology improves, these two problems will continue to decrease in the future. Think about its benefits and its potential. Not so long ago, it was 19th century. Then there was a time when hard drives had to be brought by truck to store 5 megabytes of data. And there today I am thinking of filling the whole internet in a glass. So this is the next technology and the next science. And I can say with full confidence that DNA storage is definitely going to be successful in the days ahead and we will see its use as well. Maybe your computer doesn’t have DNA data storage. But large research centers and data centers must have DNA storage.
Friends, I am confident that you will like today’s post. And if you’re a fan of new inventions like me, you’ve probably fallen in love with this technology lately. Since this is a completely new technology and I wrote about it, so be sure to share the post more and more. Absolutely don’t forget to comment below any of your questions and comments.