Bit Vs Byte, Megabit Vs Megabyte, Gigabit Vs Gigabyte
With all our computing needs becoming more and more dependent on just one internet browser, internet speed is now a very important term. Entertainment or any communication system, where people can download movies, games, any file, etc. from their homes. But the problem is, when you are a new user and want to get an internet connection from a broadband connection or any internet service provider, it is seen that the internet speed you have subscribed to does not match at all when you use it at home computer. In fact, everything depends on the correct calculation, which you do not know. So this article discusses Bit Vs Byte, Megabit Vs Megabyte, Gigabit Vs Gigabyte – which will answer all your questions.
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Megabit Vs Megabyte
Megabit and megabyte will sound different when pronounced separately, but when they are in short form, in the form of Mb or MB, there is absolutely no difference in pronunciation, but their meaning is not the same at all. And the problem is, when you start to think these two types of data are the same. The lowercase English letter “b” is usually used to express megabits, meaning “Mb” or “Mbit” – and when it comes to the term Internet speed, almost all companies use the term megabit.
Suppose you have an internet connection of 8 megabits / second (8Mb / s), which means you have to transfer data at a speed of 8 megabits per second. But when you download a file from the Internet, you may see that the file is being downloaded at a speed of 1MB/s (1MB/s), so what is the point? Are you getting low speed? No! Here you say 8 megabits, and say 1 megabit second speed, in both cases, the measurement remains the same.
Because, although Mb and MB are two pronunciations, they are not the same thing. Here Mb means Megabit and MB means Megabyte. Suppose you are downloading a file of 750 MB, which means that technically its size is 750 Megabytes and at the same time its size is 6000 Megabits (6000 Mb).
Let’s try to understand in more detail
Bit Vs Byte
In the case of computer network terms, bits and bytes are counted as standard units when transmitting digital data over a network. Each byte contains 8 bits. In the case of computer data, the bit is the smallest part of any data, or you can say the data atom is this bit. Even bits are much smaller than an email or a simple text message. To make it easier to understand, each letter in this article is a bit, and here thousands of characters come together to form a complete article.
In fact, the basic unit is bit or byte, but before that the term mega or giga was added as a prefix, to make it easier to pronounce and understand large numbers. Megabit means million bits and gigabit means billion bits, now think about it, if mega and gigabyte prefixes are not used, how huge the number can be. But the main term here is bit and byte, as long as you put mega, giga, tera, etc. before. If you don’t go to the technical side, the calculation is very simple, 8 bits = 1 byte, or in other words, the bit is 1/8 of the byte or 1 byte is 8 times bigger than 1 bit – by the way, the calculation is coming the same.
So, what is the matter with your internet connection? You have an 8Mb connection, but if 1MB/sec speed is displayed while downloading, that’s fine. Again, if your connection is 1 megabit/second, then you will get 1 megabit = 1/8 megabyte = 0.125 megabyte or 125 kilobytes / second speed while downloading. Your ISP gives you the bandwidth rate as a bit/second, but the operating system or various software measures the data in bytes/second, and this is why the difference can be seen. But if you calculate, you will understand whether you are getting the right speed or not.
So you can easily get the result from megabit or gigabit to megabyte or gigabyte using a simple calculator. You just have to divide that by 8 megabits, then you get megabytes of results. If you want, you can easily convert your data unit using Google search. Remember your internet speed is 5 megabits/second (5 Mb/s) Now do a Google search, “5 megabits to megabytes” you will easily get the result.
Why do ISPs use bits instead of bytes?
Now the question that comes to mind is why do internet service providers use bit terms instead of byte terms? If they had rated their connection speed in byte term, there would not have been so much confusion. In fact, this is the whole marketing term. Of course, the 64 megabytes/second unit is much more interesting than the 8 megabytes/second. They can propagate 125 kilobytes/second speed in bits by typing 1 megabit/second, of course, people will be more attracted from kilobytes to megabytes. This is why the term bit is always used to transfer data over a network.
But on the other hand, the term byte unit is always used when measuring storage capacity or file sizes, such as 500 GB hard drive or 100 MB file size. But again, when it comes to the internet connection, the term 100 megabits is used. In fact, we have been measuring internet speed in bits/seconds since the inception of modern computers and networking systems, whether for that reason or for marketing term. Today’s ISPs still use the term bit/second. But if you notice the lowercase or uppercase “B” between Mbps and MBps, you will easily understand that it is bit or byte!
If you buy a 5 Mbps or 10 Mbps connection from an internet service provider, you will never get the right speed at any time, sometimes the speed will be less or sometimes it will be right. This is why ISPs use the term “UP To”. This means that they are not saying that they will give you a speed of 5 megabits/second, but they are saying that you can get a maximum speed of 5 megabits / second from that package. Now your internet speed is determined based on how far your location is from ISP, how many users are using the same line, how well ISP is maintaining their service.
So you bought a connection from ISP 1 Mbps but getting speed while downloading, 0.125 MB/s or 125 KBps; So no need to worry anymore, because as you know from this article, the whole thing is a bit and byte factor. If your company is good, of course bandwidth will give you good speed without throttling. If you fail to get the desired speed, increase your internet speed.